chkrootkit : Locally checks for signs of a rootkit
chkrootkit is a flexible, portable tool that can check for many signs of rootkit intrusion on Unix-based systems. Its features include detecting binary modification, utmp/wtmp/lastlog modifications, promiscuous interfaces, and malicious kernel modules.
RKHunter : An Unix Rootkit Detector
RKHunter is scanning tool that checks for signs of various pieces of nasty software on your system like rootkits, backdoors and local exploits. It runs many tests, including MD5 hash comparisons, default filenames used by rootkits, wrong file permissions for binaries, and suspicious strings in LKM and KLD modules.
Tripwire : The grand-daddy of file integrity checkers
A file and directory integrity checker. Tripwire is a tool that aids system administrators and users in monitoring a designated set of files for any changes. Used with system files on a regular (e.g., daily) basis, Tripwire can notify system administrators of corrupted or tampered files, so damage control measures can be taken in a timely manner. Traditionally an open souce tool, Tripwire Corp is now focused on their commercial enterprise configuration control offerings. An open source Linux version can still be found at SourceForge. UNIX users may also want to consider AIDE, which has been designed to be a free Tripwire replacement. Or you may wish to investigate Radmind, RKHunter, or chkrootkit. Windows users may like RootkitRevealer from Sysinternals.
Sysinternals : An extensive collection of powerful windows utilities
Sysinternals provides many small windows utilities that are quite useful for low-level windows hacking. Some are free of cost and/or include source code, while others are proprietary. Survey respondents were most enamored with:
- ProcessExplorer for keeping an eye on the files and directories open by any process (like LSoF on UNIX).
- PsTools for managing (executing, suspending, killing, detailing) local and remote processes.
- Autoruns for discovering what executables are set to run during system boot up or login.
- RootkitRevealer for detecting registry and file system API discrepancies that may indicate the presence of a user-mode or kernel-mode rootkit.
- TCPView, for viewing TCP and UDP traffic endpoints used by each process (like Netstat on UNIX).
Update: Microsoft acquired Sysinternals in July 2006, promising that “Customers will be able to continue building on Sysinternals’ advanced utilities, technical information and source code”. Less than four months later, Microsoft removed most of that source code. Future product direction is uncertain.